Today, WebM/VP8 was announced at Google IO. The last month I have been working on adding support for Opera and we have now released labs builds for Windows, Mac and Linux. We have also published an article for web developers who want to start using WebM <video>. Here’s what it looks like, the Sintel trailer on YouTube playing in Opera with WebM <video>. No Flash!
Previously I’ve posted on Opera Core Concerns, but this time I want to share some personal reflections. (In other words: any views expressed are my own, not those of Opera Software.) What follows is the (quite geeky) history of me and the various codecs and organizations I’ve come into contact with over the past 8 years.
Back in gymnasiet I was a compulsive MP3 collector and was very picky about my bitrates. 128 kbps sounded (still sounds) horrible and it pained me, so when I learned about the Vorbis audio codec I was very excited. Not only was it technically superior, it was also completely free. I re-ripped all of my CDs as Vorbis, told all my friends to do the same and started listening to Machinae Supremacy simply because they offered Ogg downloads. I was a fanboy.
In June 2002 On2 released VP3 to the world. It was my summer holidays and I spent most days inside on an extra slow dial-up connection. I clearly remember that upon reading the news I literally bounced out of my chair and threw my hands in the air out of joy. (Remember, I was 17.) The first thing I did when there was code I could compile and run (packaged by Xiph I believe) was to encode and watch Star Trek: First Contact. The example decoder could neither pause or play in fullscreen, so instead I changed my screen resolution and just watched.
At the time I couldn’t do much to help out, but I wanted to be part of this cool community. One of the first pieces of C code I ever wrote was oggsplit, a not-so-useful tool for splitting multiplexed Ogg streams into separate files. I never used it much, but was quite proud to see it in Xiph’s ogg-tools package.
Fast forward. In the summer of 2006 I began working as a summer intern at Opera Software in Linköping, where I wrote an example plugin for video playback on Opera Devices SDK. I picked GStreamer as the backend and by the time I was done I must have watched A New Computer ~1000 times.
In February 2007 Opera proposed <video> and released a proof-of concept Ogg Vorbis+Theora build. I had no part in this, so it came as somewhat of a surprise. Initially thought that they had used my plugin, but that turned out to not be the case – it was libogg, libvorbis and libtheora integrated directly into the browser. The most exciting part was the strong stance for open standards, something that I obviously agree with.
What happened after that is pretty well known: the <video> tag makes obvious sense, so it quickly got implemented in other browsers. When I joined Opera’s core department (part time) in the summer of 2008, <video> hadn’t been touched much for over a year, so I was tasked with bringing it back to life. Loving both audio/video and the web, it would be hard to find a more suitable and fun job. I ended up porting my then 2-year old plugin and thus Opera is now using GStreamer internally. The Codec Wars™ were always a pain, but we did finally release Opera 10.50 with support for Ogg Vorbis+Theora.
After Google announced that they were buying On2 there was lots of speculation that they would release VP8. I have certainly hoped it would happen, but it seemed a bit too good to be true. Therefore, my reaction when it was confirmed was similar to when VP3 was released – bouncing like a 17-year old. That Vorbis is the chosen audio codec for WebM only makes things better. How lucky I am, that this time I get to actually be part of the release event. It’s been immensely fun working on this, in secrecy, then seeing everything happen in a maelstrom of releases, tweets and blog posts today. Håkon is at Google IO running my code on stage, but just a few weeks ago he was in Opera’s Beijing office, watching sunflowers in one of the first Opera VP8 builds:
While not yet 100% bug-free, VP8 in Opera is well on its way and will be in an official release soon. Today is a good day for open video and the open web. Many thanks to everyone who have worked to make this possible. Live long and prosper, WebM!